A bunion is a bone deformity that causes the joint at the base of the big toe to enlarge. As the joint grows, it pushes the big toe toward the second and third toe. The joint juts outward, causing friction and pressure against the skin when you wear shoes. Since this joint flexes with every movement, bunions can lead to chronic pain and irritation.
Bunions also increase your risk of developing other chronic conditions, including hammertoe, arthritis, or bursitis. The earlier you seek bunion treatment, the more likely you are to relieve your pain and preserve your mobility.
Bunions typically appear as red, swollen bumps that distort the placement of the big toe. Other common signs of bunions include:
If you experience any of the above bunion symptoms, Dr. Kassab may perform an X-ray to determine the severity of the condition.
Many factors can cause bunions to develop. Genetics, inherited foot types, and certain autoimmune diseases raise your risk of developing bunions. Other common risk factors for bunions include:
Individuals who wear high-heels or narrow shoes are prone to bunions. Women are especially vulnerable to developing these painful bony growths.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the joints. If you have RA, the joint at the base of your big toe may swell and cause bunions.
If a close relative, such as your mother or father, has bunions, you’re more likely to develop this foot deformity as you age.
Dr. Kassab offers multiple treatments for bunions at Bloomfield Family Footcare, including:
To learn more about bunions, call Bloomfield Family Footcare or schedule an appointment online today.